In this module, you will learn:

  • what is electricity
  • what is current
  • what is voltage

Resources to help you:

  • Textbook: page 79 and 80
  • Notebook: page 21

Watch the video

See how electrons flow.


You can change the speed to 0.75x to make it easier to listen.

Electricity is carried to the house from power stations via high voltage towers

Credit: @askoldsb via Twenty20

What is electricity?

Electricity is a form of energy and is useful because it can be easily converted into types of energy that we need e.g. heat, light, sound and so on.

We get our electricity from sources such as power station and batteries. In Brunei, our power stations uses natural gas to generate electricity.


An electric current is a flow of electrons. It flows from the negative terminal to the positive terminal. The path where current flows is known as a circuit.

In conventional current, the current flows from the positive terminal to the negative terminal. This is because scientist that discovered current flow did not know about electrons yet.

To measure current, we use an instrument called an ammeter. The S.I. unit of current is the ampere (A).

A typical ammeter found in schools

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Modern digital multimeter can measure both current and voltage

Credit: @Pressmaster via Envato elements

Measuring the voltage of a lemon battery

Credit: @Vitema via Envato elements


Voltage is the amount of energy required to push the charge e.g. electrons.

To measure voltage, we use an instrument called a voltmeter. It is measured in the S.I. unit of volt (V).

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